A few words about covid-19
What is covid-19?
- COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by a new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
How is COVID-19 transmitted?
- COVID-19 can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth when a person with COVID-19 is coughing or sneezing and through contaminated objects and surfaces around the person. People can catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.
How long is the incubation of COVID-19
- The incubation period for COVID-19 ranges from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days.
What are the Symptoms of Covid-19 ?
- The most common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever and cough. Other symptoms include aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people may be asymptomatic. Approximately 80% of people recover from the disease without special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people with COVID-19 develop severe disease. Elderly, and people with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.
protective measures for COVID-19
- Regularly and thoroughly washing hands with soap and water or cleaning hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash
- Maintaining at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between anyone who is coughing or sneezing
- Avoiding touching eyes, nose and mouth
- Covering mouth and nose with bent elbow or tissue when coughing or sneezing and immediately disposing of the used tissue
- Staying home when feeling ill. When symptoms such as fever, cough and difficulty breathing develop medical attention should be sought after calling and reporting the symptoms
- Staying aware about the latest COVID-19 situation
- The guidelines of the local national public health authority should be followed
What is the definition of close contact ?
- A person having had direct physical contact with a COVID-19 case (e.g. shaking hands)
- A person having unprotected direct contact with infectious secretions of a COVID-19 case (e.g. being coughed on, touching used paper tissues with a bare hand)
- A person having had face-to-face contact with a COVID-19 case within 2 metres and > 15 minutes
- A person who was in a closed environment (e.g. classroom, meeting room, hospital waiting room, etc.) with a COVID-19 case for 15 minutes or more and at a distance of less than 2 metres
- A healthcare worker (HCW) or other person providing direct care for a COVID-19 case, or laboratory workers handling specimens from a COVID-19 case without recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) or with a possible breach of PPE
- A contact in an aircraft sitting within two seats (in any direction) of the COVID-19 case, travel companions or persons providing care, and crew members serving in the section of the aircraft where the index case was seated (if severity of symptoms or movement of the case indicate more extensive exposure, passengers seated in the entire section or all passengers on the aircraft may be considered close contacts
- The epidemiological link to a probable or confirmed case may have occurred within a 14‐day period before the onset of illness in the suspected case under consideration